Glossary

Adhesive  a substance or “tack” property that enables objects to form a bond with the surface of another material upon brief contract and under light pressure.  Present Naturals all-natural proprietary adhesive is designed specifically for a latex and gluten-free transdermal patch.

 

Bioavailability  Subcategory of absorption; the fraction of an administered dose of unchanged drug that reaches the systemic circulation. By definition, when a medication is administered intravenously, its bioavailability is 100%.

 

Cannabinoid  is a cannabinoid imitating compounds your body naturally produces, called endocannabinoids. To put a complex system simply, cannabinoids mediate communication between cells.  Cannabis contains at least 85 types of cannabinoids. The most well-known cannabinoids include THC, CBD and THC-A.

 

Cannabidiol   is a compound which is found in plants including in Cannabis and Hemp. CBD does not make you feel “stoned” and can actually counteract the psychoactivity of THC. Scientific and clinical research, much of it sponsored by the US government, underscores CBD’s potential as a treatment for a wide range of conditions.

 

Cold Flow  the dimensional change/deformation of a patch polymeric matrix beyond the boundaries. Cold flow (or creep) is caused by an excess of adhesive over cohesive forces present in the adhesive matrix. The balance of adhesive and cohesive properties should be carefully adjusted to avoid cold flow emerging on storage and during use – as this may significantly increase the active substance releasing surface, affect handling of the patch by sticking to the sachet or leave a sticky residue around the patch.In use, the appearance of cold flow is readily visible as the formation of a dark ring around the transdermal patch, patch movement or displacement, or patch wrinkling during use.

 

Dosage  The size or frequency of active substance released over time.

 

Endocannabinoid System  is a group of endogenous cannabinoid receptors located in the mammalian brain and throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems, consisting of neuromodulatory lipids and their receptors. it mediates the psychoactive effects of cannabis.

 

Extraction  a process to separate a substance from another. In cannabis extraction, this is the process of pulling essential oils, Cannabinoids and Terpenes from a cannabis product.

 

F.A.S.SI    F = Flux Rate    A= Adhesive    S = Stability    SI = Skin Irritation

 

Flux Rate comes from Latin and means flow. “Flux” is a scientific term describing the rate of flow of something through a surface.

 

Indica  a type of cannabis plant. These plants are shorter and fuller plants compared to their Sativa counterparts. Indicas tend to be sedating and relaxing with full body effects.

 

Nutraceutical  a dietary supplement or foods (as a fortified food) that provides health benefits in addition to its basic nutritional value.

 

Pharmaceutical Grade There are several criteria by which pharmaceutical grade are judged. The product must be in excess of 99% purity with no binders, fillers, excipients, dyes, or unknown substances. United States Pharmacopeia (USP).  Standards for assessing cannabis ingredients and production are limited at this time, so individual organizations strive to ensure that their ingredients and production processes meet the standards of other industries.

 

Sativa is a type of cannabis plant. Sativas are generally known for producing more uplifting and creative, focused and energetic effects than Indicas.

 

Skin Irritation reaction to a particular irritant that results in inflammation of the skin and itchiness.

 

Stability the quality or attribute of being firm and steadfast.

 

Terpene the oils that provides cannabis its distinctive properties, aromas and flavors. You’ll be able to smell the terpenes in a Present Natural Patch!

 

THC  the main psychoactive constituent contained in the marijuana plant.

 

THC-A  has no psychoactive effects of its own, it acts as a cannabinoid (CBD) receptor agonist, and in so doing helps in its neuroprotective effects. THC-A demonstrates: anti-spasmodic, neuro-protective, antiemetic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, non-proliferative, pain relief.

 

Topical properties are absorbed through the skin.

 

Transdermal  Flexible single-dose preparation intended to be applied to the unbroken skin to obtain a systemic delivery over an extended period of time. Transdermal patches consist of a backing sheet supporting a reservoir or a matrix containing the active substance(s) and on the top a pressure-sensitive adhesive, which assures the adhesion of the preparation to the skin. The backing sheet is impermeable to the active substance(s) and normally impermeable to water.

 

-Herbs and Spices-

 

Chamomile –an aromatic European plant of the daisy family, with white and yellow daisy-like flowers

Promotes Sleep and Treats Insomnia, Boosts Immunity, Reduces Muscle Spasms and Period Pain, Soothes Stomach AcheTreats Cuts, Wound and Skin Conditions, Reduces Stress, Reduces Acne, Anti-Ageing

Sometimes excessive stress and anxiety may cause sleeplessness. Chamomile tea not only reduces stress and anxiety, but it also helps treat insomnia. Just like peppermint tea, chamomile tea has great benefits in relaxing the muscles and reducing irritability.

Hawthorn berries & flowers – Hawthorn. This relative of the rose family is a powerful diuretic. It can reduce fluid buildup, which means it can also improve symptoms of congestive heart failure. …Hawthorn berries can also act as diuretics and may help treat kidney problems.

Hawthorn is used for diseases of the heart and blood vessels such as congestive heart failure (CHF), chest pain, and irregular heartbeat. It is also used to treat both low blood pressure and high blood pressure, “hardening of the arteries” (atherosclerosis), and high cholesterol.

Hibiscus – a plant of the mallow family, grown in warm climates for its large brightly colored flowers or for products such as fiber or timber.

The health benefits of hibiscus tea include relief from high blood pressure and high cholesterol, as well as digestive, immune system, and inflammatory problems. It helps to cure liver disease and reduces the risk of cancer. It can also speed up the metabolism and help in healthy, gradual weight loss.

Rose Petals – Anti-aging properties including reducing wrinkles, lightening dark spots and tightening pores. Its known as a mood enhancer, helps relieve depression and stress and improve mood. Helps heal from colds, flu and sore throats.

Holy Basil – (Ashwagandha), also known as Indian ginseng

Eases inflammation and joint pain. Tackles stress, anxiety, and inflammation with a relaxing cup of tea made with the leaves of holy basil. Is an adaptogen with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties

Red clover flowers – Red clover is a plant. The flower tops are used to make medicine. Some women use red clover for symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes; for breast pain or tenderness (mastalgia); and for premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

It is a nourishing blood purifying herb. Because it is so high in nutrition it is often used in herbal infusions during pregnancy preparation, pregnancy and lactation when directed by a natural physician or herbalist.

Rooibos – Evergreen South African shrub of the pea family.

The United States Department of Agriculture has confirmed many of the health benefits of drinking rooibos tea including its ability to reduce the risk of various types of cancer, heart disease and premature aging. It’s also a great tea to drink when suffering from stomach cramps or other digestive problems. Furthermore, the tea is rich in minerals that may help boost the immune system and keep the body healthy. It contains calcium, iron, potassium, copper, fluoride, manganese, magnesium, zinc and alpha hydroxy acid.

Anti-inflammatory, Relieves Hypertension, Aids the Respiratory System, Good for the Bones and Teeth, Boosts the Digestive Tract, Helps Prevent Type II Diabetes, Promotes Healthy Hair, Improves Blood Circulation.

Lavender – Reduces anxiety and emotional stress. Protect against diabetes symptoms. Improve brain function. Help to heal burns and wounds. Improve sleep. Restore skin complexion and reduce acne. Slow aging with powerful antioxidants. Relieves pain.

Cardamom – Spice made from the seeds of several plants in the general Elettaria, and Amomum. Both are native to the Indian subcontinent and Indonesia.

The health benefits of cardamom include gastrointestinal protection, cholesterol control, relief from cardiovascular issues, and improvement of blood circulation in the body. It is useful for curing dental diseases and urinary tract infections such as cystitis, nephritis, and gonorrhea.

Mugwort – a common name for several species of aromatic plants in the genus Artemisia.

Mugworts are used medicinally, especially in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean traditional medicine. Some mugworts have also found a use in modern medicine for their anti-herpetic effect.

Mugwort is also used to stimulate gastric juice and bile secretion. It is also used as a liver tonic; to promote circulation; and as a sedative. Other uses include treatment of hysteria, epilepsy, and convulsions in children. Women take mugwort for irregular periods and other menstrual problems.

Schizandra – Schisandra chinensis, whose fruit is called magnolia berry or five-flavor-fruit, is a deciduous woody vine native to forests of Northern China and the Russian Far East.

Schisandra is a plant. The fruit is used as food and also to make medicine. Schisandra is used as an “adaptogen” for increasing resistance to disease and stress, increasing energy, and increasing physical performance and endurance.
In Chinese culture it can slow the aging process, increasing energy, as a fatigue-fighter, Schisandra also possesses significant protective antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity.

Known as “the herb that does it all.” It develops and protects the primary energies of life. supports vitality and beauty when used regularly for some time. It is said to promote beautiful skin.
Schizandra is said to help purify the blood, support the mind, help maintain a strong memory, and help maintain sexual energy and sexual functions in both men and women.

Lemon Balm – It has a reputation as an incredible herb for supporting good health. Its name is attributed to its lemony scent. The plant’s reputed effect on vigor and longevity are attributed to its popularity, and scientific studies have only served to reinforce its reputation.

Calms the mind, encourages restful sleep, improves skin appearance, sharpens memory, powerful antioxidant that helps support the liver and normal blood sugar, protects brain cells, a boosts alertness.  Although lemon balm calms the mind, it certainly doesn’t dull the mind. In the right serving, it does the exact opposite. An Australian study reported improved alertness in participants who took the herb. The reported side effects, if you can call them that, included calm feelings and a positive mood

Orange Peel – Eating orange peels also provides tremendous benefit. It’s not just the fruit that’s loaded with vitamin C, the rind is too, as well as vitamin A, enzymes, fiber, and pectin. Vitamin C is a fantastic immune system booster that can help fight the symptoms of cold and flu.

Oat Buds – also known as “milky oats” they are the oat tops harvested when they are in their milky stage, during which the oat tops release a white, milky sap when squeezed. This stage, which lasts approximately one week, occurs after the oat begins flowering and before the seed hardens and becomes the oat grain we eat as oatmeal. Tincturing the milky oats while fresh preserves their bioactive potency. Alternatively, milky oats can be dried and used as a nutritive tonic, and are a beautiful addition to tea blends.

The entire plant is rich in minerals and trace nutrients such as silica, magnesium, phosphorus, chromium, iron, calcium, alkaloids, protein, the vitamin B complex, and vitamins A and C (Holmes, 1997 and Berger, 1998). Regular consumption of an infusion of dried oatstraw and dried milky oats is an excellent way to incorporate vitamins and bioavailable minerals into your diet. The calcium and magnesium in oatstraw help build strong bones.

Along with vitamin B, calcium and magnesium also help soothe and strengthen nerves. Oats are considered one of the best remedies for “feeding” the nervous system, particularly in times of stress and in the case of nervous system weakness or exhaustion associated with depression (Hoffman, 2003), overwork, or emotional trauma (Rose, 2010). Symptoms may include irritability, chronic fatigue, inability to focus, loss of libido and heart palpitations (Rose, 2010). Oatstraw infusion helps mellow the mood, ease anxiety, combat the effects of daily stress, and resolve sleeplessness.

Damiana – Damiana is a wild shrub that grows in Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies. … Damiana is used to treat headache, bedwetting, depression, nervous stomach, and constipation; for prevention and treatment of sexual problems; boosting and maintaining mental and physical stamina; and as an aphrodisiac

Catnip – The use of catnip leaves and flowers in herbal teas was documented at least as early as 1735 in the General Irish Herbal. Medicinally, the plant has been used to treat intestinal cramps, for indigestion, to cause sweating, to induce menstruation, as a sedative, and to increase appetite.

Skull cap – Scutellaria lateriflora, known commonly as blue skullcap, mad dog skullcap, and side-flowering skullcap, is a hardy perennial herb of the mint family, Lamiaceae, native to North America.

May Help Fight Cancer Cells, Calms Anxiety as a Nerve Tonic, Reduces Inflammation, Can Help You Get Some Shut-Eye, Reduces Risk of Heart Disease, Lowers Fever Caused from the Flu, May Treat Epilepsy and Reduce Muscle Spasms.

Spearmint – Also known as Mentha spicata is a pleasant-smelling species of mint found in health-food products, toothpastes, mouthwashes, and cosmetics. It is often used in medicine for its claimed therapeutic properties.

Spearmint contains vitamins, antioxidants, and vital nutrients. Its aroma is very similar to that of peppermint. It contains less menthol than peppermint, but it is rich in limonene, dihydrocarvone, and cineol.

Ginko – The therapeutic properties of the ginkgo plant are said to include treatment for blood disorders and memoryproblems, enhancement of cardiovascular function and to improve eye health.

Many of the brain-boosting ginkgo biloba benefits that researchers have discovered rest on the fact that it’s an effective anti-inflammatory that increases antioxidant activity, lowers oxidative stress and improves circulation — all important factors for maintaining cognitive health.

Goku Kola – is used for fatigue, anxiety, depression, psychiatric disorders, Alzheimer’s disease, and improving memory and intelligence. Other uses include wound healing, trauma, and circulation problems (venous insufficiency) including varicose veins, and blood clots in the legs.

Peppermint – Peppermint Tea Soothes Stomach Upsets. Peppermint tea is sometimes referred to as “the stomach healer” because it is known to soothe many stomach ailments, including stomach aches, stomach pains, stomach cramps, heartburn, gas/flatulence, indigestion and diarrhea, and to promote healthy digestion.

Ginger – Ginger, also known as Zingiber officinale, is a flowering plant that is closely related to turmericand cardamom. The underground stem, or rhizome, of the ginger plant is commonly known as the ginger root and is well-known for its medicinal properties

Ginger Contains Gingerol, a Substance With Powerful Medicinal Properties, Ginger Can Treat Many Forms of Nausea, Especially Morning Sickness, Ginger May Reduce Muscle Pain and Soreness, Anti-Inflammatory Effects Can Help With Osteoarthritis.

Astragalus – Astragalus is a plant within the Leguminosae (beans or legumes) family, with a very long history as an immune system booster and disease fighter. Its roots are in Traditional Chinese Medicine, in which it’s been used as an adaptogen for thousands of years — meaning it helps the body fight off stress and disease. Today, astragalus medicinal healing and treatment uses span many different illnesses and diseases.

Astragalus has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. Its main use has been to boost the body’s immune system. But it also has been used to treat other conditions, including heart disease. That raises the question of exactly what heart benefits astragalus might offer.

Rosemary – Traditionally, the herb has been used to ease muscle pain and spasm, support the circulatory and nervous systems, improve memory and stimulate hair growth, says the University of Maryland Medical Center. Rosemary tea, which can be made from fresh or dried leaves, offers impressive health benefits.

Promotes Blood Circulation. Rosemary tea helps perform an important function in your body, Relieves Pains, It is Antibacterial, Helps in Digestion, It Freshens Your Breath, Rosemary Tea for Memory, Works as a Detoxifier, Improves Skin Condition

Black Pepper – Improves Digestion. Consumption of pepper increases the hydrochloric acid secretion in the stomach, thereby facilitating digestion, Weight Loss, Skin Care, Provides Respiratory Relief, Antibacterial Quality, Antioxidant Potential, Enhances Bioavailability, Improves Cognitive Function

Cubeb Berries – Piper cubeba, cubeb or tailed pepper is a plant in genus Piper, cultivated for its fruit and essential oil. It is mostly grown in Java and Sumatra, hence sometimes called Java pepper.

Cubeb has a prominent effect of providing relief from painful contraction of the muscle. Thus, it efficiently treats Muscle Cramp.
It regulates the digestive functions and strengthens it up, thus, prevents Digestive Problems and Indigestion.
It expels mucus from the respiratory tract and avoids Respiratory Diseases.
It mitigates Cough.

Nettle leaf – nettle root is used to treat urinary problems associated with an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia), urinary tract infections and hay fever. Nettle leaf, meanwhile, is most commonly used to treat pain, osteoarthritis, allergies and hay fever.

Gogi Berries – These shrivelled red berries are alleged to boost the immune system and brain activity, protect against heart disease and cancer, and improve life expectancy. Goji berries contain vitamin C, vitamin B2, vitamin A, iron, selenium and other antioxidants (notably polysaccharides),

Boosts immune system and flu protection. A boosted immune system and flu protection can go hand-in-hand, Potential weight loss aid. Goji berries pack healthy food energy into small servings, Antioxidants for eyes and skin, Maintain blood sugar, Increases testosterone.

Burdock – People take burdock to increase urine flow, kill germs, reduce fever, and “purify” their blood. It is also used to treat colds, cancer, anorexia nervosa, gastrointestinal (GI) complaints, joint pain (rheumatism), gout, bladder infections, complications of syphilis, and skin conditions including acne and psoriasis.

Siberian Ginseng -Eleutherococcus senticosus is a species of small, woody shrub in the family Araliaceae native to Northeastern Asia. It may be colloquially called Siberian ginseng, eleuthero, ciwujia, Devil’s shrub, shigoka, touch-me-not, wild pepper, or kan jang.

Some people use Siberian ginseng to improve athletic performance and the ability to do work. They also use it to treat sleep problems (insomnia) and the symptoms of infections caused by herpes simplex type 2. It is also used to boost the immune system, prevent colds, and increase appetite.

Licorice – Licorice is taken by mouth for various digestive system complaints including stomach ulcers, heartburn, colic, and ongoing inflammation of the lining of the stomach (chronic gastritis). In combination with other herbs, licorice is also used to treat prostate cancer and the skin disorder known as eczema.

Kratom – Mitragyna speciosa (commonly known as kratom[2] also ketum) is a tropical evergreentree in the coffee family native to Southeast Asia. M. speciosa is indigenous to Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Papua New Guinea,[3] where it has been used in traditional medicines since at least the 19th century.[4]Kratom has opioid properties and some stimulant-like effects. The interesting health benefits of kratom leaves include their ability to relieve pain, boost metabolism, increase sexual energy, improve the immune system, and prevent diabetes. They ease anxiety, help with addiction, eliminate stress, and induce healthy sleep.

Valerian – is a perennial flowering plant native to Europe and Asia. It is most commonly used for sleep disorders, especially the inability to sleep (insomnia). Valerian is also used orally for anxiety and psychological stress.

California Poppy – used to promote relaxation. In combination with other herbs, California poppy is used for depression, long-term mental and physical tiredness (neurasthenia), nerve pain, various psychiatric conditions, blood vessel problems, sensitivity to weather changes, and sedation.

Passion Flower is a gentle anti-anxiety and mildly sedative herb that can even be used to induce a good night’s sleep in children. The increased GABA in the brain that Passion Flower can induce will also reduce the anxiety so often associated with insomnia.

Hops – has a long history of being used to help improve sleep. Scientific research shows that hops, with its natural sedative effects, can increase sleep time. Studies also show hops can be effective in reducing stress and anxiety

Nutmeg – has been used to help treat diarrhea, nausea, stomach spasms and pain, and intestinal gas. Trace minerals found in nutmeg include potassium, calcium, iron and manganese, and it also contains antioxidants, Vitamin C and some B vitamins. It has been used for its calming effects as well.

 

*The statements made regarding these products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these products has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant as a substitute for or alternative to information from health care practitioners. Please consult your health care professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product. The Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act requires this notice.